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LFGB与食品接触测试



LFGB检测主要是针对和食品接触的材质测试,测试的价格是按照产品接触食品的范围,和材质来区分的,详细情况请联系我们。
 
2005年9月,德国新食品和饮食用品法LFGB取代了原有的食品和日用品法LMBG,又称《食品、烟草制品、化妆品和其它日用品管理法》,该法令是德国食品卫生管理方面最重要的基本法律文件,是其它专项食品卫生法律、法规制定的准则与核心。该法规对德国食品的方方面面做了总的规定,所以在德国市场上的食品以及所有与食品有关的日用品都必须符合该法令。
其中与食品接触的材料或用具必须通过测试,符合该法令第三十条和第三十一条,可以得到授权机构出具的LFGB检测报告证明为“不含有化学有毒物质的产品”,并能在德国市场销售。
 
LFGB认证涵盖的产品范围
LFGB测试针对所有的材料,包括最新工艺生产出的产品,如:烧烤架的铬镀层,平底锅的特弗龙涂层等。通常涉及的领域包括:陶瓷,合成塑胶,PVC,增塑剂,纸制品,皮革,纺织品,化妆品,烟草等等。涉及的产品包括:烤面包炉,电水壶等与食品接触的电器产品;食品贮存用品,玻璃菜板,不锈钢餐具,各种厨具,碗,勺,刀,叉等。
 
LFGB测试项目一览表

No.

Material 材质

TestItem测试项目

1

Plastic(gerenal)(old rule)
塑料(通用)(EU) No 10/2011(旧方法)

Sensory test整体感官测试

Overall migration in deionized water全面迁移之去离子水浸取法

Overall migration in 3% acetic acid全面迁移之3%醋酸浸取法  

Overall migration in 50%ethanol全面迁移之50%酒精浸取法            

Overall migration in rectified olive oil or substitute of rectified olive oil全面迁移之橄榄油或橄榄油替代物(95%乙醇和异辛烷)浸取法* 
*一般PVC、密胺、涂层(或单面接触食物的塑料)、橡胶、PA、PC材料需使用橄榄油替代物(95%乙醇和异辛烷)浸取法     

Full test of overall migration test全面迁移全套测试(默认模拟液为醇,酸,橄榄油或其替代物)

Soluble Al(extension from extractable metal) in 3% acetic acid or water according to the actual usage
Only for organic coating on aluminium base (只针对基材为铝的有机涂层)
溶出铝(根据实际用途,浸泡液可为3%醋酸或水)测试

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金属(钡、钴、铜、铁、锂、锰、锌)(默认用酸)

2

Plastic(gerenal) (New rule)
塑料(通用)(EU) No 10/2011(新方法)

Sensory test整体感官测试

Overall migration in 10% ethanol全面迁移之10%酒精浸取法(pH>4.5水性食物)

Overall migration in 3 % acetic acid全面迁移之3%醋酸浸取法(pH≤4.5酸性食物)

Overall migration in 20% ethanol全面迁移之20%酒精浸取法(含酒精浓度≤20%的食物)

Overall migration in 50 % ethanol全面迁移之50%酒精浸取法(含酒精浓度>20%的食物或水包油食物)

Overall migration in rectified olive oil or substitute of rectified olive oil 
(Melamine, PVC,PC, nylon默认替代)全面迁移之橄榄油或橄榄油替代物(95%乙醇和异辛烷)浸取法(脂肪性食物)

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金属(钡、钴、铜、铁、锂、锰、锌)(默认用酸)

3

test for plastic lid and O-ring
杯盖内塑料垫片或垫圈
(高度推荐)

Sensory test感官测试

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客户特别要求时,乙醇浓度可为10%或20%          

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane) 全面迁移之橄榄油替代物(异辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

Total phthalate总邻苯(可选)

Specific migration of phthalate (water)邻苯特殊迁移之水浸取法(可选)  

Specific migration of phthalate (3% acid)邻苯特殊迁移之3%醋酸浸取法  

Specific migration of phthalate (10% ethanol)邻苯特殊迁移之10%酒精浸取法

Specific migration of phthalate (substitute of olive oil)邻苯特殊迁移之橄榄油替代物(95%乙醇和异辛烷)浸取         

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金属(钡、钴、铜、铁、锂、锰、锌)(默认用酸)

4

PVC
聚氯乙烯

Sensory test感官测试

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客户特别要求时,乙醇浓度可为10%或20%          

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane) 全面迁移之橄榄油替代物(异辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

VCM氯乙烯单体

Peroxide Value过氧化值

Total phthalate(optional)总邻苯(推荐)

Specific migration of phthalate (water)邻苯特殊迁移之水浸取法

Specific migration of phthalate (3% acid)邻苯特殊迁移之3%醋酸浸取法  

Specific migration of phthalate (10% ethanol)邻苯特殊迁移之10%酒精浸取法

Specific migration of phthalate (substitute of olive oil)邻苯特殊迁移之橄榄油替代物(95%乙醇和异辛烷)浸取法        

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金属(钡、钴、铜、铁、、锰、锌)(默认用酸)

5

 Melamine 
三聚氰胺树脂(美耐皿,密胺)制品

Sensory test感官测试

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客户特别要求时,乙醇浓度可为10%或20%          

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane) 全面迁移之橄榄油替代物(异辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

Specific migration of formaldehyde甲醛溶出量测试                  

Special Migration of Melamine in water  密胺特殊迁移之水浸取法

Special Migration of Melamine in 3% acetic acid  密胺特殊迁移之3%醋酸浸取法 (默认)

Special Migration of Melamine in 10%/50%ethanol  密胺特殊迁移之10%/50%(默认)酒精浸取法

Special Migration of Melamine in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane)   密胺特殊迁移之橄榄油替代物(异辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金属(钡、钴、铜、铁、锂、锰、锌)(默认用酸)

6

PE, PP
聚乙烯,聚丙烯

Sensory test感官测试

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客户特别要求时,乙醇浓度可为10%或20%           

Overall migration in the rectified olive oil  全面迁移之橄榄油浸取法

Peroxide value过氧化值测试(只针对PE)                        

Total Chromium, Vanadium and Zirconium 铬、钒以及锆含量测试                              

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金属(钡、钴、铜、铁、锂、锰、锌)(默认用酸)

7

PS,ABS, SAN,Acrylic,Methary
聚苯乙烯树酯,丙烯腈-丁二烯-苯乙烯共聚物,苯乙烯-丙烯腈共聚物,丙烯酸树脂

Sensory test感官测试

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客户特别要求时,乙醇浓度可为10%或20%           

Overall migration in the rectified olive oil  全面迁移之橄榄油浸取法

Peroxide value过氧化值测试                             

Volatile organic matter (VOM)有机挥发物总量

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金属(钡、钴、铜、铁、锂、锰、锌)(默认用酸)

8

PA
聚酰胺(尼龙)制品要求

Sensory test整体感官测试

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客户特别要求时,乙醇浓度可为10%或20%           

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane) 全面迁移之橄榄油替代物(异辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

Peroxide value过氧化值测试                              

Specific migration of aromatic amine芳香胺迁移测试

Specific migration of Caprolactam in water, 3% acetic acid, 10% ethanol or olive oil 
己内酰胺特殊迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸、10%乙醇或橄榄油/替代物浸取法
*推荐此项目时,应根据客户要求选择模拟液;若客户未特别要求,可推荐全部4种模拟液,亦可仅推荐3%醋酸。

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金属(钡、钴、铜、、锂、锰、锌)(默认用酸)

9

PC
聚碳酸酯塑料制品要求

Sensory test感官测试

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客户特别要求时,乙醇浓度可为10%或20%           

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane) 全面迁移之橄榄油替代物(异辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

Special migration of Bisphenol A in Distilled water水中双酚A特殊迁移

Special migration of Bisphenol A in 3% acetic acid3%醋酸中双酚A特殊迁移(默认)

Special migration of Bisphenol A in 10%/50%ethanol  10%/50%(默认)酒精特殊迁移

Special migration of Bisphenol A in Olive oil橄榄油中双酚A特殊迁移

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金属(钡、钴、铜、铁、锂、锰、锌)(默认用酸)

10

Poly(threphthalic acid diol esters), PET
PET塑料制品要求

Sensory test感官测试-味道和气味对于与食品接触的整体产品  

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客户特别要求时,乙醇浓度可为10%或20%           

Overall migration in rectified olive oil  全面迁移之橄榄油浸取法

Peroxide value过氧化值测试                              

Total zinc and lead content锌、铅含量测试                             

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金属(钡、钴、铜、铁、锂、锰、锌)(默认用酸)

11

Acetal resins(POM)
POM塑料制品要求

Sensory test感官测试-味道和气味对于与食品接触的整体产品  

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客户特别要求时,乙醇浓度可为10%或20%           

Overall migration in rectified olive oil  全面迁移之橄榄油浸取法

Total Zinc总锌含量测试                              

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金属(钡、钴、铜、铁、锂、锰、锌)(默认用酸)

12

Silicone rubber
硅橡胶制品要求  

Sensory test感官测试-味道和气味对于与食品接触的整体产品  

extractable components in ethanol (Ethanol as compulsory simulant) (must perform)10%酒精萃取法  (必做)

Extractable component in deionized water去离子水萃取法         

Extractable component in 3% acetic acid 3%醋酸萃取法 

Peroxide value过氧化值测试                              

Volatile organic matter (VOM)有机挥发物总量             

Organotin content有机锡化合物测试

13

Rubber, TPR, TPE 
橡胶或弹性体制品要求 

Sensory test整体感官测试

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客户特别要求时,乙醇浓度可为10%或20%           

Overall migration in the substitute of rectified olive oil全面迁移之橄榄油替代物(95%乙醇和异辛烷)浸取法

Nitrosamine and nitrosatable substances亚硝胺和亚硝基物质含量

Organotin content有机锡化合物测试

Specific migration of aromatic amine芳香胺迁移测试          

Extractable formaldehyde甲醛溶出量测试                   

Total zinc and lead content锌、铅含量测试                            

14

Paper(not applicable for paper and board used in microwave oven)
纸制品要求
(不适用于微波炉使用的纸张)

Pentachlorophenol (PCP)五氯苯酚测试                     

感官测试-味道和气味对于与食品接触的整体产品        

extractable heavy metal (not applicable for product in contact with dry food)  
 重金属(铅,镉,汞,六价铬)释出量*(*-不适用于纸张与干性食品接触情况)

Formaldehyde甲醛含量测试

Specific migration of DiBP in distilled water, 3% acetic acid and 10% ethanol (optional) DiBP在蒸馏水、3%醋酸以及10%乙醇中特殊迁移(推荐)

Specific migration of DiBP e in 95% ethanol DiBP在95%乙醇中特殊迁移

Specific migration of DiBP n iso-octane DiBP在异辛烷中特殊迁移

Azo dyestuff(paper with colour )带颜色的纸制品 - 偶氮染料测试

Preserving effect防腐效果                       

Extractable Glyoxal乙二醛释出量测试                              

15

Baking paper
烘焙纸

感官测试-味道和气味对于与食品接触的整体产品        

Extractable Formaldehyde in water水中甲醛溶出量测试

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)多氯联苯测试  (PCB18,PCB28,PCB52,PCB101,PCB153,PCB138,PCB180)

Appearance外观                                  

Thermal stability热稳定性                              

Preserving effect抗菌成分迁移测试                     

16

PU and TPU
聚氨酯,聚亚胺酯制品要求

Sensory test感官测试-味道和气味对于与食品接触的整体产品

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客户特别要求时,乙醇浓度可为10%或20%           

Overall migration in substitute of rectified olive oil (95% ethanol and iso-octane) 全面迁移之橄榄油替代物(异辛烷+95%乙醇)浸取法

Peroxide value过氧化值测试                              

Specific migration of aromatic amine芳香胺迁移测试

Total phthalate总邻苯(推荐)

Specific migration of phthalate (3% acid)邻苯特殊迁移之3%醋酸浸取法  

Specific migration of phthalate (10% ethanol)邻苯特殊迁移之10%酒精浸取法

Specific migration of phthalate (substitute of olive oil)邻苯特殊迁移之橄榄油替代浸取法         

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金属(钡、钴、铜、铁、锂、锰、锌)

17

Polymer coating for cooking purpose
有机涂层(烹饪用),例如特富龙

Sensory test感官测试-味道和气味对于与食品接触的整体产品

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客户特别要求时,乙醇浓度可为10%或20%           

Overall migration in the substitute of rectified olive oil全面迁移之橄榄油替代物(95%乙醇和异辛烷)浸取法*    

Extractable phenol苯酚萃取量测试                        

Extractable formaldehyde甲醛溶出量测试                  

Extractable aromatic amine芳香胺溶出量测试               

Extractable chromium (VI)六价铬溶出量测试               

Extractable chromium (III)三价铬溶出量测试                

Extractable lithium锂溶出量测试

PFOS全氟辛烷磺酸测试(推荐)

Extractable PFOA  in 3 % acetic acid   PFOA在3%醋酸中萃取(默认)

Extractable PFOA  in Olive oil   PFOA在橄榄油中萃取

Soluble Al(extension from extractable metal) in 3% acetic acid or water according to the actual usage
Only for organic coating on aluminium base (只针对基材为铝的有机涂层)
溶出铝(根据实际用途,浸泡液可为3%醋酸或水)测试

18

Wood
木材   

Sensory test感官测试-味道和气味对于与食品接触的整体产品

Pentachlorophenol (PCP)五氯苯酚                         

Aromatic amine (optional test)芳香胺

Extractable Formaldehyde甲醛释出量

19

Glass 
玻璃制品要求
DIN51032

Leachable Lead and Cadmium(DIN51032)与食品接触部分铅镉溶出量测试  

Leachable Lead and Cadmium(lip and rim region )杯边附加铅镉溶出量测试(针对杯边2cm内有花纹的样品) * 

20

Ceramic陶瓷84/500/EEC
Enameled ware搪瓷DIN51032

Extractable heavy metal: Pb, Cd, Co铅、镉、钴溶出量测试(默认测3项)   
(注:钴为高度推荐项,若客户坚持不测钴,也不影响报告下结论)

Leachable Lead, Cadmium and Cobalt(lip and rim region )杯边附加铅、镉、钴溶出量测试(针对杯边2cm内有花纹的样品) *  (默认测3项)
(注:钴为高度推荐项,若客户坚持不测钴,也不影响报告下结论)

21

Metal, Metal alloy and electroplated(exclude aluminum) 
金属、合金、镀层(除了铝)

Sensory test感官测试-味道和气味对于与食品接触的整体产品

Extractable heavy metal (Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Cu, Sb, Co, Al)in distilled water or in 3 % acetic acid 重金属(铅,镉,铬,镍,铜,钴,锑,铝)在蒸馏水或3%醋酸中的溶出测试
*模拟液应根据客户要求选择。若未特别要求,则与酸性食物接触时,用3%醋酸;反之建议用水。

22

Al and Al alloy 
纯铝和铝合金

Sensory test感官测试-味道和气味对于与食品接触的整体产品 

Extractable heavy metal (Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Cu, Sb, Co, Al)in distilled water or in 3 % acetic acid 重金属(铅,镉,铬,镍,铜,钴,锑,铝)在蒸馏水或3%醋酸中的溶出测试
*模拟液应根据客户要求选择。若未特别要求,则与酸性食物接触时,用3%醋酸;反之建议用水。

composition test (opitional) 成分分析(进单需确认是纯铝还是铝合金,测试成分不同。铝含量≥99%为纯铝)

23

Textile material 
纺织品

Sensory test感官测试-味道和气味对于与食品接触的整体产品 

Colour fastness (for textile with color (i.e. not white))色牢度

Formaldehyde 甲醛

PCP, TeCP and TriCP

Chlorinated carriers

Disperse dye (for textile with color (i.e. not white))分散染料

Azo dyestuff (for textile with color (i.e. not white))偶氮染料

24

Activated carbon and Charcoal
 活性炭、木炭
(不建议接此类样品,易吸附)

sensory test感官测试

PAH多环芳香烃

Carbon black碳黑

Metals and metalloids (AP (89) 1)金属和非金属

Extractable PCBs content
PCB萃取量(PCB18, PCB28, PCB 52, PCB101, PCB 153, PCB 138, PCB180)

Specific aromatic amines芳香胺特殊迁移

Specific aromatic amine (Benzidine, 2-naphthylamine, 
4-aminodiphenyl) and sulphonated aromatic amines芳香胺和磺酸芳香胺

25

Vinylidene Chloride Copolymers with a Predominant Content of(PVDC)
偏聚氯乙烯

Sensory test整体感官测试

Overall migration in deionized water, 3% acetic acid and 50% ethanol全面迁移之去离子水、3%醋酸以及50%乙醇浸取法
*客户特别要求时,乙醇浓度可为10%或20%           

Overall migration in the substitute of rectified olive oil全面迁移之橄榄油替代物(95%乙醇和异辛烷)浸取法*   

Peroxide value过氧化值测试                              

Volatile organic matter (VOM)有机挥发物总量

Soluble heavy metal (Ba, Co, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Zn)可溶出重金属(钡、钴、铜、铁、锂、锰、锌)

26

product in contact with mouth lip or mouth cavity directly eg. Toothbrush, drinking straw
会跟嘴直接接触的产品,例如牙刷,吸管

Colour fastness to saliva唾液色牢度

27

product in prolonged contact with skin (over 1 hour upon usage) eg. Handle of food roller 
产品会接触皮肤的把手(使用超过一小时)

Colour fastness to perspiration汗液色牢度

28

metallic product in prolonged contact with skin (over 1 hour upon usage) eg. Handle of food roller
会接触皮肤的金属产品把手(超过一小时)

Extractable nickel镍萃取

29

Dyed product in prolonged contact with skin (over 1 hour upon usage) eg. Table napkins染色产品会接触皮肤的延伸部分(使用超过一小时)例如:餐巾

Azo dyestuff偶氮染料

30

vacuum thermal bulb used in water canister or water jar真空保温瓶

Asbestos石棉

31

德国GS认证要求(PAH)

specific migration of PAHs (water, 3% acetic acid, 10% ethanol, or olive oil)

 
 

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